check this out ! … crafty yarn winding … ;-)
I loved the scene in episode 5 of Outlander that had the Scotswomen working together & singing while ‘waulking’ the wool … this involved soaking the wool in hot urine to set the dye back in the 1700s … also known as ‘fulling’ …they’re using their hands in the tv series but in the engraving from the 1770s, notice they are only using their feet to handle the wool … in truth, it probably helped to soften the feet …
Fulling or tucking or walking (“waulking” in Scotland) is a step in woolen clothmaking which involves the cleansing of cloth (particularly wool) to eliminate oils, dirt, and other impurities, and making it thicker. The worker who does the job is a fuller, tucker, or walker.The Welsh word for a fulling mill is pandy, which appears in many place-names.
Fulling involves two processes, scouring and milling (thickening). Originally, fulling was carried out by pounding the woolen cloth with the fuller’s feet, or hands, or a club. In Scottish Gaelic tradition, this process was accompanied by waulking songs which women sang to set the pace. From the medieval period, however, fulling often was carried out in a water mill.
These processes are followed by stretching the cloth on great frames known as tenters, to which it is attached by tenterhooks. It is from this process that the phrase being on tenterhooks is derived, as meaning to be held in suspense. The area where the tenters were erected was known as a tenterground.
In Roman times, fulling was conducted by slaves working the cloth while ankle deep in tubs of human urine. Urine was so important to the fulling business that it was taxed. Stale urine, known as wash, was a source of ammonium salts and assisted in cleansing and whitening the cloth.
By the medieval period, fuller’s earth had been introduced for use in the process. This is a soft clay-like material occurring naturally as an impure hydrous aluminium silicate. It was used in conjunction with wash. More recently, soap has been used.
~per wikipedia, fulling
sights from chivay by the colca canyon in the andes … southern peru …the vicuña roam here … a member of the camel family, it is the smallest of the six species of camel, & is thought to be the wild ancestor of the alpaca … vicuña, quite an exquisite fiber for yarn …
This woman’s wedding dress only cost her $30! She crotched it on her way to work every morning over a period of 5 months. The dress is also machine washable, as she claims she’s washed it several times so far and it doesn’t wrinkle.
it looks gorgeousss *A*
Amazing! What a beautiful dress and wedding picture :D
Celebrate & Decorate with these free crochet patterns:
stick with your knitting &/or crocheting … it’s good for your wellness …
"Knitting or crocheting can do wonders to promote cognitive function as well as hand health, write Carrie and Alton Barron, M.D.s, in their 2012 book “The Creativity Cure: Building Happiness With Your Own Two Hands.”
"Using your hands meaningfully triggers healthy engagement and activity in about 60 percent of your brain, said Alton Barron. The rhythmic, mathematical nature of knitting and crocheting keep the mind absorbed in a healthy way, providing an escape from stressful thoughts but allowing for internal reflection, said Carrie Barron.
While television can engage people from the outside, the mind requires stimulation from within in order to “free associate” or think imaginatively, she said. The psychiatrist suspects the return to knitting is a response to the rise in technology, much like the arts and craft movement followed the industrial revolution.
“There’s something so gratifying about taking strings and pieces and making them whole,” she said. “There’s something primitive and innate about that. The fragments of the mind also come together in that process. It’s a parallel process between the mind and the hands.”
~Find the complete article here ——»> http://www.sacbee.com/2014/09/25/6730900/health-benefits-for-those-who.html
~more detail at —-»> http://www.planetshoup.com/easy/tips/afghsize.shtml